Teacher Paul

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Teacher Paul 16 Oct, 14:40
📨 Previously we had to read the text https://t.me/teacherpaul2018/178 and choose one of 3 words best describe the general idea of it. Here's the answer:

🍎 to speculate ✅ - this word is correct because the author shared his ideas about the future ("looking at the next 100 years", "2 trends"); one of the meanings of this word is "to consider or discuss ... what might happen"; exactly our case.
🍏 to retrospect - this word is off here because it means "looking back", and the next is about the future.
🍊 to indulge - this is completely odd here because it generally means "to allow oneself to do something".

=== === === ===

Let's look at this text.

It is not the motive, properly speaking, that determines the working of the will; but it is the will that imparts strength to the motive. As Coleridge says: " It is the man that makes the motive, and not the motive the man."
~ James McCosh, reported in Josiah Hotchkiss Gilbert, Dictionary of Burning Words of Brilliant Writers (1895)

Which word describes the text?

🍎 inquisitive
🍏 narrating
🍊 explanatory

#quiz
🍎 1
🍏 1
🍊 1
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 13 Oct, 20:58
🗂 The answer to the previous task is here.

➡️ The annual conference will be ......... soon, we need to start preparing for it now.

⚽️ coming up
🏀 coming around ✅
🥎 coming along

WHY??

TO COME UP: It wouldn't be incorrect to use this phrasal verb here in the meaning of "it happens soon and needs to be dealt with". It would even be colloquially correct. However, not when we have "to come around" among the options.

TO COME AROUND: In this context it means "to happen again, at its usual time". The hint was "the annual". So when dealing with tasks like that, always pay attention to words that give you the background, they are always there for a reason.

TO COME ALONG: It means "to appear/arrive, to go somewhere, to make progress" and everything around that. It's obviously the odd option here.

So, to conclude, COME UP is possible and generally correct, but COME AROUND is grammatically strong and totally correct, in this example.

————————

🗂 Continuing the previous thought.

➡️ So, having the conference at hand, here's what we're going to do - we set ......... the next 2 days just for collecting information from all departments.

⚽️ up
🏀 over
🥎 aside

#phrasalverbs
⚽️ 2
🏀
🥎 – 4
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 9 Oct, 16:00
📨 Shadow or Shade? #quiz

📋 I sat down in the ......... of a huge chestnut tree.

🍎 shadow
🍏 shade ✅

SHADE means a shelter from the sun, whereas
SHADOW is that dark shape that's left on a surface when the light shines behind someone/something.

In an iconic song, Johnny B. Goode, the context is exactly about trees:

He used to carry his guitar in a gunny sack
Go sit beneath the tree by the railroad track
Oh, the engineers would see him sitting in the shade
Strumming with the rhythm that the drivers made

=== === === ===

Read the text and decide which word describes it the best.

📋 I say looking at the next 100 years that there are two trends in the world today. The first trend is toward what we call a type one civilization, a planetary civilization... What is English? English is the beginning of a type one language. Everywhere I go around the Earth, people speak English because that is the lingua franca of science, technology, business. They all speak English. It is the number one second language on the planet Earth. (Michio Kaku. "Will Mankind Destroy Itself?")

🍎 to speculate
🍏 to retrospect
🍊 to indulge
🍎 3
🍏 3
🍊
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 5 Oct, 19:30
🗂 Read the sentence below and choose the phrasal verb which fits the context the best.

➡️ The annual conference will be ......... soon, we need to start preparing for it now.

⚽️ coming up
🏀 coming around
🥎 coming along

#phrasalverbs
⚽️ 13
🏀 2
🥎
Teacher Paul 30 Sep, 15:05
📨 #quiz is still here, it's just taken some time off.

📋 People in this country can be ......... into a number of ethnic groups.

🍎 divided ✅
🍏 separated

Yes, most voters chose the correct word. I don't think it was too hard, but still it's important to clearly understand the difference between and meaning of these words.

TO DIVIDE = to cause something to consist of a number of parts (groups, sections etc). And the preposition here is "in/into"
TO SEPARATE = to place (or keep) things apart from each other. And the preposition here is "from".

=== === === ===

How about the next one?

📋 I sat down in the ......... of a huge chestnut tree.

🍎 shadow
🍏 shade
🍎 10
🍏 4
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 24 Sep, 16:38
💬 Many people ask, "How do I make new words stay in my memory? I read about them, but then I forget everything".

There may be lots of hyper-modern tricks to remember words, but in this business you either use something and it stays with you, or you don't use it and lose everything after a while.

I call this approach 'practicalizing'. I may look like something from XVIII century - whatever, I don't care. I just know it works. But it does require some effort, good results don't come completely free.

So, how it works. Let's say I want to plant the word MINUSCULE in my memory. The first thing that I'll is check what it means in any dictionary online.

The next thing I'll do is repeat it aloud 24 times. Why 24? I don't know, but I do remember the words which I 'twenty-foured' 20 years ago, like "paltry". I never use this word in my life, but I do remember it because I did repeat it 24 times.

The rest of this method is here https://telegra.ph/Method24-Minuscule-09-24

#advice #longread
✅ 6
🤔 2
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 16 Sep, 16:55
📨 What does one do with good marks - takes, gets, or wins them? #quiz

📋 Kevin ......... a good mark in chemistry.

🍎 took
🍏 got ✅
🍊 won

Expectedly, this sentence wasn't a problem, nearly all votes were given for the 2nd option.

TAKE is used when you mean obtaining something intentionally or by force.
GET (or RECEIVE) describes receiving something as a gift, letter, money... a mark.
As for WIN, we usually win prizes or something similar to that.

=== === === ===

The next one.

📋 People in this country can be ......... into a number of ethnic groups.

🍎 divided
🍏 separated
🍎 9
🍏 2
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 11 Sep, 16:30
📨 Everyone, even those who can barely speak English, knows the expression "to go to (somewhere, somebody)". Go to the shopping mall. Go to Australia. Go to the beach. He went to her, she went to him.

An interesting fact is that English is a language where one part of speech can transform into another. For instance, noun to verb:

✏️ He's an advocate (noun). He advocates the return of capital punishment (verb).

Verb to noun:

✏️ Look around! (verb). Take a good look around (noun).

Noun to adjective:

✏️ They are students (noun). They have student books (adjective).

Just to name a few examples.

So this verb "to go to" can transform into a nice adjective "go-to". It means something or somebody who you immediately think of when you need to get something done, solve something, or do something else. Something/somebody you trust, rely on, and advise to GO TO when someone has a need. See how it works in the examples below:

- Bamboo is the go-to material to the fishing industry -- tough, water-resistant, easily workable and light.
- That's our go-to place whenever we want to play basketball.
- He's your go-to guy when you need to fix your smartphone.

#howtosay
✅ 6
🤔
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 9 Sep, 16:01
📨 Bring, take, fetch... Let's see the answer. #quiz

📋 The astronauts will ......... plants to the Moon.

🍎 fetch
🍏 bring
🍊 take ✅

Using BRING and TAKE depends on where the speaker / doer is. BRING is used for things COMING to where we are, and TAKE for things going somewhere else. For instance:

✏️ Take these cakes to your sister and bring (back) some flowers from her garden.

As for FETCH, it means 1) going somewhere AND 2) coming back with something. For instance:

✏️ Please fetch us a bottle of our best wine. (Meaning, "go AND come back with the bottle")

=== === === ===

The next one shouldn't be a problem, should it.

📋 Kevin ......... a good mark in chemistry.

🍎 took
🍏 got
🍊 won
🍎
🍏 13
🍊 1
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 3 Sep, 15:00
📨 The answer to the previous task has arrived. #quiz

📋 Since Mauricio worked hard, he ......... finish his tasks on time.

🍎 could
🍏 was able to ✅
🍊 could have

"Could have" is outright incorrect because it's not followed by "finishED"; just "could" is grammatically weak in this case because, it rather refers to the physical possibility/ability or a skill. In this sentence you're speaking about the factual ability to finish the tasks resulting from working hard.

Whenever in sentences like this you mean "to manage to do sth" or "to succeed in doing sth", use "to be able to".

=== === === ===

Let's work with directions of actions.

📋 The austronauts will ......... plants to the Moon.

🍎 fetch
🍏 bring
🍊 take
🍎 3
🍏 3
🍊 6
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 28 Aug, 15:20
⚛️ I've always been advocating having mastered the core vocabulary before learning fancy words. I mentioned certain lists long ago, and it is strongly advised to be completely comfortable with all the words mentioned there. They are the foundation on which one's knowledge builds itself and thrives.

With that said, we also should remember that it's not wise to ignore expanding your vocabulary continuously: viable life forms always expand, nonviable stagnate. So let's start expanding with the new tag I decided to introduce - #advancedwords.

📒 squeamish
📕 tedious
📗 run-of-the-mill
📘 fickle
📙 apologetic

Read more about these words https://telegra.ph/Advanced-Words-001-08-28.
And vote for the one you like the most.
📒 3
📕 1
📗 2
📘 1
📙 2
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 26 Aug, 10:30
📨 Made OF or FROM? Not that hard to remember. #quiz

📋 This nice bench here was made ...... plastic bottle caps; we gathered thousands of them and had them melted.

🍎 of
🍏 from ✅
🍊 with

Read about 4 options starting with TO BE MADE... - https://telegra.ph/To-be-made-08-13

=== === === ===

How about this one, which option seems correct to you?

📋 Since Mauricio worked hard, he ......... finish his tasks on time.

🍎 could
🍏 was able to
🍊 could have
🍎 1
🍏 8
🍊 3
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 22 Aug, 19:56
​​🗂 Sometimes you're staying at home or any other place where no one can see you for whatever reasons. You can say "I've been hiding from people for 3 days", nothing bad about saying it like this. There may be moments, however, when it is the flavor of informality that you need, not "to hide from the world". This is a perfect occasion to use this phrasal verb:

TO HOLE UP

It works both as an intransitive (without an object) and transitive verb:

Intransitive:
Hurry, we need to hole up somewhere and wait out the storm.
Bears are hole up in winter.

Transitive:
Her job is a life-consuming process that can hole her up for as much as six months.
We need to round up a search party, go down into the town, bring back any survivors, and hole them up here.

#phrasalverbs
✅ 5
🤔
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 20 Aug, 10:30
📨 Let's see the correct answer to the #quiz from the last week.

📋 The flight attendant ...... the passengers one by one.

🍎 seated ✅
🍏 sat
🍊 set

TO SIT (past: sat; past participle: sat) is a verb which doesn't have an object, we call such verbs "intransitive". You can't say "to sit someone", it'd sound similar to "I went him" or "I looked her". The verb means "to rest your lower body on something".

TO SEAT (seated; seated) means "to put someone in a place where one can seat". And because we have "put someone", it makes this verb "transitive", that is requiring an object. You can't say "And then I seated". My question would be, "Who did you seat?"

And be attentive with the sounds, they as different as in "ship and sheep", "shit and sheet", "bitch and beach", "still and steel". Not the same!

=== === === ===

Now let's check how well you remember this one:

📋 This nice bench here was made ...... plastic bottle caps; we gathered thousands of them and had them melted.

🍎 of
🍏 from
🍊 with
🍎 10
🍏 1
🍊
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 14 Aug, 16:30
📨 The answer to the previous #quiz about the Lay vs Lie dilemma is here:

📋 The book was ......... on the floor.
📋 I ......... the book on this table yesterday.

🍎 lying / laid ✅
🍏 laying / lay
🍊 lying / lain

In the 1st sentence we had the verb LIE / LAY / LAIN / LYING / LIES, "to be in a flat position".
In the 2nd sentence the verb we had was LAY / LAID / LAID / LAYING / LAYS, "to put something somewhere".

=== === === ===

Let's now take a look at a similar case.

📋 The flight attendant ...... the passengers one by one.

🍎 seated
🍏 sat
🍊 set
🍎 4
🍏 2
🍊
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 11 Aug, 22:22
🗂 The verb TO FALL has a decent place in the (never-ending) list of #phrasalverbs. Not like get or put or pull but there are interesting examples with it as well.

https://telegra.ph/FALL-08-11
✅ 5
🤔
Teacher Paul 7 Aug, 20:55
📨 Lie or Lay? Let's check the answer to the previous task. #quiz

📋 I'm going to ...... down for an hour.

🍎 lie ✅
🍏 lay
🍊 lye

LIE and LAY have always been confusing learners. But let's lay them down to see the differences:
https://telegra.ph/LIE-vs-LIE-vs-LAY-08-07

=== === === ===

Let's continue with this topic:

📋 The book was ......... on the floor.
📋 I ......... the book on this table yesterday.

🍎 lying / laid
🍏 laying / lay
🍊 lying / lain
🍎 14
🍏 1
🍊
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 4 Aug, 20:52
Today's #diamonds are in a way similarly structured and referring to the topic of building better relations or negotiating (hammering out) 🔹 a mutually beneficial arrangement.

💎 to emphasize someone's similarities
🔶 to indicate similar insecurities about something

The verbs in these 2 sentences are a nice alternative to more basic words like "to stress" or "to accentuate".

There's a few similar verbs helping your #vocabulary be more versatile:

to highlight
to point out
to underline
to pinpoint
🔹
💎 8
🔶
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 30 Jul, 17:17
📨 And yet another traditional weekly #quiz post is here, with the correct answer.

📋 There's been a lot of disturbing reports recently claiming that some opposition leaders were ......... by the authorities.

🍎 to remove
🍏 to outdo
🍊 to disappear ✅

I understand that the task ("Which verb in its infinitive form do you think fits best in this sentence?") might have been somewhat confusing, and I could have written it better, but what's done is done. Here's supposedly new information for you about the verb "to disappear".

You know it as an INTRANSITIVE verbs, meaning that it doesn't require an object:
- The ship disappeared.

But it can be used with an object as well (TRANSITIVE), "to disappear someone/something".
- The magician moved his hands and disappeared the white rabbit. - That's quite literal here, the meaning is "to cause sb/sth to disappear".
- The authoritarian regime is reported to have disappeared the opposition leaders. - Here the meaning is wider and it's "to kidnap / arrest / imprison / execute someone, usually illegally".

=== === === ===

This one is supposed to be simple:

📋 I'm going to ...... down for an hour.

🍎 lie
🍏 lay
🍊 lye
🍎 4
🍏 10
🍊
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 26 Jul, 21:11
​​📨 A bit of #grammar today.

The phrase on the snapshot may look like a 3-rd type conditional sentence but it's not, just a sentence although it's related to Conditionals-III.
The sentence talks about alternative possibilities in the past.

Read more - https://telegra.ph/WOULDVE-LIKED-TO-HAVE-BEEN-07-26
✅ 7
🤔 2