Teacher Paul

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23.05.2018 23:26
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Teacher Paul 15 Jun, 09:40
Some time ago I posted a diamond phrase with the question on what preposition we have to use after it, ON or IN.

It's a fixed phrase, so to say, we use IN here, "to have confidence IN somebody". It's somehow related to "in God we trust" and "to believe in somebody".

Another item from my collection of #diamonds will be useful when you're talking about having tried different solutions and always ending up the same:

💎 to find oneself in the similar tactical situation regardless of approach
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 7 Jun, 10:56
🗳 Dear all, please spend a couple of minutes of your time and vote for the tags (meaning topics, subjects) on this channel you'd like to see more of. You can vote for as many tags as you want. #announcements

Please vote here ➡️ https://linkto.run/p/UDYW8U72
Teacher Paul 5 Jun, 16:14
📨 The previous #quiz checked your understanding of the difference between "in the end" and "at the end". Here's the answer:

📋 ... the end we managed to reach the city.

🍎 In ✅
🍏 At
🍊 On

Can't we say "at the end", though? We can, and it will mean something different.

"In the end" is a fixed expression meaning "finally", "at last".
"At the end" is physical, it means the farthest (most distant, remote) point of something, as in "We met at the end of the street", "There was an index at the end of the book" etc.

Still, "at the end" can be a fixed expression as well. There's a widely used phrase, typically, you end your thought with it, before the most important part of your message, as in "Sure I'll listen to your advice, but at the end of the day, it's my decision".

And "ON" was put on the list just to make the number three.

=== === === ===

📋 I hope you will be able to answer ...... my question.

🍎 for
🍏 to
🍊 (no preposition)
🍎 2
🍏 2
🍊 8
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 27 May, 08:21
📨 This is a structure you can/may/should use to talk about somebody who has a lot of trust from their superiors while doing some work / performing a task:

💎 to show an unusual degree of confidence

Of course, "unusual" can be substituted with other modifiers (adjectives are nothing but modifiers of nouns and pronouns, realistically speaking), like:


Each of these above can be modified even further depending on your attitude/impression/thinking/mood by adverbs:

unexpectedly, and so on.

The number of combinations here is really big.

The problem is, however: you don't just have your eyes on a cool expression, you also must know how to connect it to what is said next. So, how do you choose to continue the expression above?

The company has shown...

🧀 ... an exceptionally unusual degree of confidence for Mr. Todd
🥩 ... an exceptionally unusual degree of confidence in Mr. Todd

🧀 4
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 21 May, 18:11
Today this channel turns 1 year. Hurray!
Time flies.
I thank all subscribers for staying subscribed, your presence here is very appreciated.

🎂 17
Teacher Paul 20 May, 16:46
📨 So, "home" or "at home"?

📋 This afternoon I am staying ... .

🍎 home
🍏 at home ✅
🍊 in da house

When we mean "in the house", we need to use AT. But with verbs COME and GO (and some related verbs) the preposition is not necessary - "Come home", "I'm going home", etc.

What about TO BE though? "I am at home" or "I am home"?

The 1st option can be used when someone asks you where you are - "I'm at home".

The 2nd option is actually related to those verbs of movement and arriving. So if you've just arrived ("have juse come", in other words) home, you say "OK, I'm home now".

=== === === ===

Let's continue working with small particles.

📋 ... the end we managed to reach the city.

🍎 In
🍏 At
🍊 On

🍎 5
🍏 2
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 13 May, 16:39
The answer to the previous #quiz is here:

📋 You can encourage constructive attitudes in people most effectively by example and reward, and by always ... their good conduct and positive contributions.

🔴 taking notes of
🔵 approving of ✅
⚪️ sanctioning

Read the explanation https://telegra.ph/Approve-05-13

=== === === ===

Let's try something seemingly basic this time.

📋 This afternoon I am staying ... .

🍎 home
🍏 at home
🍊 in da house
🍎 5
🍏 5
🍊 2
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 7 May, 16:51
​​"You're shy by a couple of stories". What does "shy" here, in this picture? What stories? Click the link and find out.


👍 6
Teacher Paul 1 May, 21:32
The answer to the previous #quiz was quite logical.

📋 Is it ... that an apple a day keep a doctor away?

🔴 truth
🔵 true ✅

And the reason is that "truth" is a noun while "true" an adjective. This is a fundamental pattern: SUBJECT + TO BE + QUALITY of the subject; and the latter, i.e. quality, is expressed through adjectives which act like "modifiers" of nouns and pronouns giving them certain qualities.

It would be possible to use the noun here, but we'd certainly need an article since nouns are usually (although not 100% always) must have some "definer" before them. So the sentence could sound like "Is it the truth that an apple a day keeps a doctor away?" That would sound somewhat strange, though.

=== === === ===

💡 Read the sentence and choose the proper/logical expression to fill the gap.

📋 You can encourage constructive attitudes in people most effectively by example and reward, and by always ... their good conduct and positive contributions.

🔴 taking notes of
🔵 approving of
⚪️ sanctioning
🔵 6
⚪️ 1
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 23 Apr, 16:32
Time for our traditional #quiz with elements of #grammar.

📋 When I came in, I found all windows ... .

🔴 opened
🔵 open ✅

"Open" is an adjective, "opened" is a past participle. Here, in this example, from the strict grammatical perspective, "windows" must be followed by a normal adjective which describes their state. Using a past participle as an adjective in this case is considered "grammatically poor". Just because if you have a normal adjective "open", why should you pick a past participle "opened"?

However, past participles CAN be used as adjectives in other cases. It's advised to read up on this here and there

=== === === ===

💡 Let's continue, choose the word to fill the gap.

📋 Is it ... that an apple a day keeps the doctor away?

🔴 truth
🔵 true
🔵 7
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 18 Apr, 16:49
📖 Let's start #interactivefiction I announced long ago.

Read it here - https://telegra.ph/LEAD-ISLAND-04-18#001

And choose the continuation:

🏝 more of nature
🚤 start action with a small vessel
🛳 start action with a big ship
✈️ start action with a plane
🏝 2
🛳 1
✈️ 3
Teacher Paul 15 Apr, 07:13
Time's come to find out the correct option in the previous #quiz.

📋 Jill loves money, she's ... .

🔴 miser
🔵 a miser ✅

Why? Because "miser" can't serve as an adjective, it's a noun; if you want to use the adjective, use "Jill loves money, she's MISERLY". It's one of those adjectives that end like adverbs - friendly, neighbourly and lots of them.

=== === === ===

💡 How to say it correctly?

📋 When I came in, I found all windows ... .

🔴 opened
🔵 open
🔴 10
🔵 2
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 10 Apr, 10:30
​​💡 Coulda gone twice as fast if I had another pair of hands

Let's reconstruct this phrase:

I could have gone twice as fast if I had another pair of hands.

Sometimes I hear this question, "Mixed conditionals, are they even used?" The thing is, yes, of course, they are. The phrase above is one of many examples of the mixed conditional sentences used in everyday speech.

"I could have gone twice as fast" - that's the statement describing an alternative version of the past which happened; it was not twice as fast, but - I could have.... if:

"I had another pair of hands" - and here we're back to the present and we mean it GENERALLY, meaning "If you helped me" (but you do NOT), some things in the past "could have been done differently". But I do not have your pair of hands, that is, your support/help, so things in the past did NOT go fast. But they could have, if... and on and on.

This is an example of "an alternative present" creating "an imaginary past situation".

We also meet a handy expression here:

💡 to have another pair of hands

meaning, of course, help. It's just that saying "help" all the time becomes repetitive, so you absolutely must have some alternative phrasal tools in your arsenal.

#expressions #grammar
🖐🏻 2
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 8 Apr, 06:55
Time's come to clarify them prepositions.

📋 I saw the statue which was made ... marble.

🔴 from
🔵 of ✅
⚪️ with

Talking about "with", it's certainly not the way to go in this context, so... if something is made FROM something you can't visibly/normally recognize the original material, as in "This new public bench is made from plastic bottles".

With OF things are very straightforward - "this table is made of wood", "toiled paper is made of junk/waste paper", and so on. You see something, and you see what it's made OF. Not from.

=== === === ===

💡 Choose what to fill the gap with.

📋 Jill loves money, she's ... .

🔴 miser
🔵 a miser
🔴 5
🔵 3
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 5 Apr, 16:24
​​💡 a sitting duck

This expression means this:

there's a danger -> you can't do (or don't know) anything about it -> you become vulnerable and something bad is going to happen to you

So a sitting duck is an easy target. Or

💡 an easy prey

which originally means an animal which is easy to catch.

Like in the examples:

- The group of tourists didn't know they got in the wrong side of the city and became sitting ducks for local criminals.
- She was so naive and gullible that any con person viewed her as an easy prey.

🦆 3
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Teacher Paul 3 Apr, 17:05
Have no fear, #quiz is here.

📋 The mountains were covered ... snow.

🔴 by
🔵 with ✅
⚪️ in ✅

As it's always been with the Passive, BY means a doer, WITH means a tool.
In the logic of English, snow is not viewed as a doer, rather a tool (of nature?), therefore we use "covered with snow"; and using IN in this context is just an alternative way to put it.

=== === === ===

💡 Choose the preposition.

📋 I saw the statue which was made ... marble.

🔴 from
🔵 of
⚪️ with
🔴 1
🔵 10
⚪️ 1
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 30 Mar, 10:43
Everyone knows the word TO RUN. But it's one of those words which mean lots of things, sometimes related, sometimes not really, like MEAN, TAKE, SET and so on. Here's one of meanings of RUN which is quite far away from its original meaning of "moving faster than walking".

💡 to run someone

It originates from "running a company", that is being this company's head. So running someone literally means controling, managing, dominating and having complete control over somebody. Needless to say, it has negative meaning by default.

✅ 10
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 27 Mar, 17:13
Time has come to deal with "arrive" from the previous #quiz.

📋 We arrived ... the station at night.

🔴 to
🔵 at ✅
⚪️ in

TO is not used with ARRIVE since it's a preposition of movement whereas the verb is actually not.

IN can be used with ARRIVE but only when we're talking about something large, like a country, for instance. "Immigrants arriving in the country are subject to thorough formal procedures"

And with smaller object, or rather a destination, a point on the map, like "the station", we use AT. "I always arrive at my school 30 min earlier", for example.

=== === === ===

💡 Which preposition do you choose this time?

📋 The mountains were covered ... snow.

🔴 by
🔵 with
⚪️ in
🔴 2
🔵 7
⚪️ 1
To‘liq o‘qish
Teacher Paul 22 Mar, 09:28
​​💡 to be on a roll

This nice little expression is used when you're in the middle of an activity and have been having wins one after another. For instance, you're playing an online game and you've already had 5 wins straight. Or you're doing some, say, project, and some bright ideas have been keeping coming in, and all you have to do is just keep typing them down. Or you've been writing a poem, and rhymes have been weaving themselves together neatly, one after another.

I'm sure you've got the idea - you're in the middle (and/or on top) of a wave of success, luck, and productivity.

Movie: Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991)

#howtosay #expressions
🎲 4
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Teacher Paul 20 Mar, 09:12
💡 Don't (aren't, won't, didn't, haven't) we all.
💡 Make it up to you

The dialog was this:

"... Why do you wanna help a total stranger?"
"I have some things to make up for."
"Don't we all."

There're 2 interesting things here:

The 1st one is this rhetorical reply "don't we all", or, when it comes to 'to be', "aren't we all". A very universal and cool way to say smth like "What you're saying is nothing unique, everyone has the same, you know".

The 2nd thing you must understand is "make up for", it's so deep and profound that if you don't own it, you're missing out on many things.

In the default form, the phrasal verb "make something up" means "to compensate for something".
There're variations, of course - "to make up for (sth)" and "make it up to sb". For example:

"The money that you gave me, I spent it on online games, sorry; but don't worry, I'll make it up to you" or
"I really have to make up for that money that I got from the guy, he gave it to me to do the thing, but I spent it all for online games."

Nothing wrong about using "to compensate", it's just you have to own both options and use either depending on your mood/situation/context/whatever.

#phrasalverbs #howtosay
👌 2
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