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Teacher Paul 18 Feb, 09:21
OK, let's get the last #quiz over with:

📋 The race was organized by the National ………………………… Association


🔴 Athletics ✅
🔵 Athletic

Yes, it's "Athletics", not "athletic". The latter relates to someone being "physically strong and good at running, jumping etc"; an "Athletic Association" would rather mean a big group of individuals who are fit, able to kick some shit, and so on.

In the above example we talk about "athletics" as sports, such as running, jumping, throwing the javelin etc. It's strictly noun+plural, not an adjective like "athletic". An association of some sports, not "a fit association".

=== === === ===

💡 Choose the one from the 2 seemingly OK options:

📋 This article was about ……………… French people and their reluctance to learn foreign languages.

🔴 typical
🔵 average
🔴 4
🔵 1
Teacher Paul 15 Feb, 17:22
💠 to nurture nuanced understanding

Use this phrase when you need to talk about developing a broader, deeper view about something, taking into account many factors, comparing them, finding dependencies etc.

Don't confuse "nuanced" and "accurate", however. The latter is "precise" whereas the former is, basically, "detailed", "thorough".

#diamonds
👌 2
Teacher Paul 11 Feb, 15:22
Time to find out the correct answer to the previous #quiz:

📋 From a biological …………………………, the two plants are very similar

🔴 point of view ✅
🔵 aspect

Why is "point of view" the preferable option here? Although in spoken language we use these 2 interchangeably, from the academic, grammatical, dictionary point of view it works like this:

"Aspect" refers to one of the parts or features of a situation, idea, problem, etc. For example:

"Modern technology affects all aspects of our daily lives."
'The book concentrates on the cruel aspects of professional sports."

Whereas "point of view" refers to a particular way of looking at a situation, event, problem etc, for example:

"From a vegetarian's point of view, these new controls on meat preparation are of little interest."
"What does the process of getting old mean from a medical point of view?"
"I think you should try and see thlngs from my point of view for a change."

=== === === ===

💡 And choose the word that fits the gap:

📋 The race was organized by the National ………………………… Association.

🔴 Athletics
🔵 Athletic
🔴 1
🔵 6
Teacher Paul 5 Feb, 11:30
Sometimes you need to say that some person(s) was/were blamed for everything they did or didn't do so that others, the guilty ones, could get away with everything they actually did. What do you usually say to describe this? Here's a nice phrase helping you to deliver this very thought:

📋 to use sb as a scapegoat (to do sth)

"A scapegoat" is a term of the Biblical origin nowadays meaning "a person blamed for the faults of others". A synonymous expression is "a whipping boy" meaning an underaged male person used to deliver the punishment for someone who just can't be physically punished because of different considerations.

So how the above expression works is seen in the examples below:

- as the economic crisis continued, the totalitarian regime used ethnic minorities as scapegoats to assert total control over the state;
- I ain't gon' let noone use me as the scapegoat up here! You did this shit, you're gonna answer for it yourself!
- You know that the situation is tight now, someone has to answer for everything; who can we scapegoat?

Yes, you can use it as a verb - "to scapegoat sb".

#howtosay
🐐 2
Teacher Paul 5 Feb, 01:59
​​💡 to run over sth

Use this example of #phrasalverbs if what you mean is a quick revision of what's going to be done; it's very close to rehearsing something.

There's an almost identical variant - "to run through sth" (or "to run sth through") which is, honestly, my personal choice for some reason.

Movie: Ghostwriter (2010)

=== === === ===

Do you like me using snapshots from movies to present you something I've picked up? If yes, please vote by clicking the 👌 button below.
👌 10
Teacher Paul 2 Feb, 11:30
Here goes the answer to the previous #quiz.

📋 There are two ………………………… lakes - one for swimming and one for fishing.


🔴 fake
🔵 man-made ✅
⚪️ artificial
⚫️ unreal

"Fake" and "unreal" are incorrect because the lakes can be seen and used, they can't be "unreal". But why isn't "artificial" correct?

Within this context and choice, the difference between "artificial" and "man-made" is that the former would rather refer to something that's not made of natural materials (like "artificial sweetener", "artificial light" etc), whereas the latter refers to something made or caused by people and sometimes having a natural appearance, as in "the longest man-made canal" or "those enormous caves were actually man-made".

=========

💡 The 2 options are possible, but what's the best one to use?

📋 From a biological …………………………, the two plants are very similar.


🔴 point of view
🔵 aspect
🔴 2
🔵 7
Teacher Paul 31 Jan, 17:16
Sometimes you may find yourself in a situation when someone is making you an offer which is so generous and fantastic that you're starting to suspect there's some hidden price to pay. What do you call this "price", how do you ask about it?

"But where's the trap?" or "Where's my disadvantage in this?" or "What's the trick?"

Maybe, yet there's a better option:

📋 What's the catch?

You know the word "to catch", but here it's used in another meaning, namely "any tricky or concealed drawback in an apparently ideal situation". As in:

- It sounds too good to be true, there must be some catch.
- There's always a catch, there's no such thing as "free stuff".
- Do not fall for their low prices; the catch is you have to pay money upfront and you never know if they actually ship you your order or not.

#vocabulary #howtosay
⚾️ 3
Teacher Paul 25 Jan, 21:08
The answer to the previous #quiz:

📋 "... and after we have received your payment, we will send you the documents right away; to the next point - ……… your accomodation, there're several possibilities... "

🔴 regarding ✅
🔵 concerning
⚪️ with regards to
⚫️ with

To introduce a new topic (idea, thought), just as it's demonstrated in the sentence, we have to use expressions
- regarding;
- with regard to (not "⚪️ with regardS to");
- as regards;
- as far as (sth) is concerned.

Regarding "🔵 concerning". It's proper place and usage is demonstrated in these examples:

- During the intervew she was asked a few questions concerning her banking activities.
- They got into an interesting debate concerning the need for censorship.

Almost like "about", actually. And as far as "⚫️ with" is concerned, although you would be understood with it, it's definitely neither stylistically strong nor grammatically perfect.

~~~~~~~~~~

💡 Choose the best option.

📋 There are two ………………………… lakes - one for swimming and one for fishing.

🔴 fake
🔵 man-made
⚪️ artificial
⚫️ unreal
🔴
🔵 3
⚪️ 3
⚫️ 1
Teacher Paul 22 Jan, 12:22
Sometimes you need to express disbelief, scepticism, or even mock one's ideas BUT you don't want to sound bluntly saying things like "You're crazy", "You're nuts" etc. However, neither do you want to sound overly formal using phrases similar to "I believe you have to reconsider your decision".

So, not formal, mocking and ridiculing but not in an openly insulting way, this is an option you can use:

📝You need checkup from the neck up

It obviously suggests having one's head checked without saying "head". Of course, you don't use this phrase only to debunk someone's suggestions or ideas, "head checking" means many things, from social to personal, so if a situation requires you can apply this phrase to yourself - "Damn, these last weeks've been tense, I think I'm losing my mind, I definitely need some checkup from the neck up".

#expressions #howtosay
💊 3
Teacher Paul 18 Jan, 10:50
OK, the answer to the previous #quiz is this:

📋 We saw the announcement saying "If you are caught dropping ……… in the street, you are fined".

🔴 junk
🔵 crap
⚪️ shit
⚫️ litter ✅

"Crap" and "shit" are not possible because you have "the announcement" in the sentence. Typically, unless it's a specific setting in a made-up post-apocalyptic universe, announcements don't contain such words.

"Junk" is not an option either. First, it's, again, rather informal, second, it describes what the speaker considers worthless or useless, like, "Her house was filled with all kinds of junk - useless furniture, broken TV set, old PC, piles of newspapers, and other things that hadn't been used for years".

So your only option is "litter" which describes exactly this - throwing away plastic bags, empty cans, bottles etc. In this example it's a noun, but very often it acts as a verb - "to litter".

Be attentive - it doesn't sound like "liter".
to litter LIT-er
one liter of water LEE-ter

~~~~~~~~~~
💡 Choose the proper option. With any of them you'd be understood, of course, but try to think in terms of being stylistically safe.

📋 "... and after we have received your payment, we will send you the documents right away; to the next point - ……… your accomodation, there're several possibilities... "

🔴 regarding
🔵 concerning
⚪️ with regards to
⚫️ with

#quiz
🔴 1
🔵 3
⚪️ 1
⚫️ 2
Teacher Paul 15 Jan, 10:32
If there's an issue which is important (also, to you) but it's not given proper attention, of course you can say "This problem is (being) ignored".

Sure, no problem with "ignored", there's, however, a better way of describing this situation. It's has to be called "The Triple D" since the words it contains all start with Ds:

📝Deny, downplay, deflect

Denying
is "No, what problem are you talking about? No such thing exists".
Downplaying is "Maybe there's something you're talking about, but compared to the same issue in other countries/places, it's not that big, really", and that's connected with
Decflecting which is "OK... The problem, you say. You better think about the level of corruption; what about the national debt of the US?! Want to talk about social inequality worldwide?" and all other irrelevant issues all starting with "And what about...?" and "You better think about...".

So if something is actually not just 'ignored', but IGNORED systematically and, maybe, institutionally, you can now say "This problem of ... is openly denied, downplayed, and deflected".

#howtosay
Teacher Paul 11 Jan, 11:25
The correct answer to the previous #quiz:

📋 Solutions to the country's ………………………… problems are still a long way away.

🔴 interior
🔵 domestical
⚪️ internal ✅
⚫️ private

Now, "private" is screened out because how can you combine privacy and a country?
"Domestical" is just incorrect, we have "domestic".
"Interior" is wrong here because the word typically describes something "on the inside" of a building, room, vehicle etc.
However, if you say "the interior", it does refer to a country, but in another way - it describes areas away from the coast, as in "the caravan sets off at dawn for the interior of the republic".
And "internal" is just the right word when you need to talk about what happens within a particular country/state, like in "internal affairs".

~~~~~~~~~~
💡 Choose the proper word:

📋 We saw the announcement saying "If you are caught dropping ……… in the street, you are fined".

🔴 junk
🔵 crap
⚪️ shit
⚫️ litter

#quiz
🔴 1
🔵
⚪️
⚫️ 7
Teacher Paul 9 Jan, 18:50
When we need to express the idea of knowing something 100% percent, we have words like completely, entirely, fully, thoroughly, utterly, and even wholly.

Why not add some idiomatic aspect to it - many have heard "he knows it inside out" which seems synonymous to "she knows it inside and out"; there's also "I know it like the back of my hand".

These, and some similar, things shouldn't be anything new. I suggest adding another expression to your arsenal of tools, but before I'd like to replace the word "to know" with the one from the previous step, meaning that before you know something, you have to memorize (or learn) it:

💠 to memorize something backwards and forwards

In my opinion, it sounds more lively than "completely", "entirely" and their formal looking peers.

Be cautious, however, not to completely mix the above mentioned with "to know ins and outs" - this one rather means knowing pecularities and technicalities of something, knowing how things really work, where you can cut some corners and get away with it, that kind of practical expert knowledge.

Yes, the general meaning for both is the same, but the prisms you're looking at something through are different.

#diamonds #expressions #vocabulary
↕️ 2
Teacher Paul 4 Jan, 13:12
Here's the correct answer to the previous #quiz:

📋 1. He wants the new generation to ………………………… this tradition
📋 2. People of normal weight should ………………………… eating the food they are used to.

🔴 1 keep on; 2 keep on
🔵 1 keep up; 2 keep on ✅
⚪️ 1 keep on; 2 keep up
⚫️ 1 keep up; 2 keep up

It's not hard to remember:

1. We keep up SOMETHING (a tradition, custom, habbit, relationship etc)
2. We keep on DOING something;
- "on" is rather optional, actually - "let's keep on singing" and "let's keep singing" don't look too much different;
- alternative expression is "to carry on doing sth", and here "on" is not optional - "let's carry singing" is incorrect.

~~~~~~~~~~
💡 And the new task, choose the correct word:

📋 Solutions to the country's ………………………… problems are still a long way away.

🔴 interior
🔵 domestical
⚪️ internal
⚫️ private
🔴 2
🔵 2
⚪️ 4
⚫️
Teacher Paul 28 Dec, 19:19
❄️ December 28th, Friday, the last working day today this year. Time to slowly-surely get ready for the liters of this/these, kilograms of that/those, and many hours of something else.

It's been a pleasure to have that many subscribers up in this channel, without having the experience of "buying subs", "buying ads", or whatnut. The number of subs here may not seem impressive overall, but they are real people - not bots, fake accounts, 1-day-subscribers etc.

Thank you all for being here (should I say "for having been here"?) all this time. In 2019, be aspiring, move upward and forward, and always keep it English.

The final poll this year, I'd like to understand how I should add content to this channel next year.

📘 Post 1-2 entries per week, this is just enough.
📗 Increase the frequency of posts per week.

Happy New Year, everybody, enter 2019!

#announcements
📗 5
📘 10
Teacher Paul 28 Dec, 10:31
The correct answer in the previous #quiz was:

✅ After making several 🔴 enquiries I finally discovered his address.

When we talk about simple requests for information, the usual word is "enquiry" en KWAHY uh ree; EN kwuh ree. For example: "We've been having a lot of enquiries in response to your ad."

When we mean a full investigation or a long serious study, then the usual word is "inquiry" in KWAHY uh ree; IN kwuh ree, for example: "There's no official inquiry into the cause of the crash so far".


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Choose the correct option:

📋 1. He wants the new generation to ………………………… this tradition.
📋 2. People of normal weight should ………………………… eating the food they are used to.

🔴 1 keep on; 2 keep on
🔵 1 keep up; 2 keep on
⚪️ 1 keep on; 2 keep up
⚫️ 1 keep up; 2 keep up
🔴
🔵 6
⚪️ 2
⚫️ 1
Teacher Paul 24 Dec, 18:01
📨 Imagine a situation - somebody who you don't know well asks you to do some job for them, without mentioning any kind of compensation, of course. But you're overwhelmed with what you already have on your desk. How to react, how to refuse?

You can ignore the message, you can simply answer "no" or say something rude. I'd also suggest the following phrase:

Sorry, I can't afford to do a job for free these days.

You refuse in a formal/business-like way, and, besides, you may give a hint to that person saying that every job has to be paid. Not just "Hey, can you look through my project and correct my mistakes, pleeeeease?"

Variations:
- I don't think I can do a job for free these days.
- I doubt I could find time for an unpaid work.
- I don't work gratis.
- I'm afraid I can't provide services free-of-charge,
etc

#howtosay
💰 3
Teacher Paul 21 Dec, 10:55
The correct answer in the previous #quiz was:

✅ Even our teacher seemed 🔵 unable to answer the question.

Why can't we use "seemed to be unable"? When "to seem" is followed by an adjective, "to be" is avoided, as a rule.
"After the guests had been gone the room seemed empty".
"It seems so strange that he didn't even say goodbye".

In other cases, "to seem" can be followed by "to be". As in "Everything seems to be in order".

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Choose the correct option:

📋 After making several ………………………… I finally discovered his address.

🔴 enquiries
🔵 inquiries

#quiz
🔴 2
🔵 3
Teacher Paul 19 Dec, 15:45
💠 a barbaric legal system

If you ask me, I'm not 100% sure what to think of this expression, whether I should consider it a bad thing (which it apparently is meant to be thought of) or a good thing. It narrows down to the interpretation of the word "barbaric", and further on to "uncivilized", "primitive" etc.

Some may say that the An-Eye-For-An-Eye-A-Tooth-For-A-Tooth principle is barbaric because it's cruel and merciless; some may look at it differently saying that it's just, immediate, and, at the end of the day, effective and fair.

Depends on how one looks at it and what one believes in. All in all, here are some possible antonymic expressions:

- a civilized legal system
- a sophisticated legal system

and alternative collocations:

- a fair(er) legal system
- a strong legal system

#diamonds
⚖️ 2
Teacher Paul 15 Dec, 10:25
The correct answer in the previous quiz was:

✅ I decided to 🔵 look for another hotel further down the road.

Although "to search" and "to look for" basically mean the same action, they're used somewhat differently. "To search" typically refers to something or someone that's very difficult to find - "Investigation teams are still searching for the clues as to the cause of the crash".

When we're talking about basically everyday things, "to look for" is the proper option. "I'll stay here with the bags while you're looking for a taxi".

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Choose the correct option:

📋 Even our teacher seemed ………………………… to answer the question.

🔴 to be unable
🔵 unable

#quiz
🔴 6
🔵